Defending electronic piracy and unauthorized streaming clients since 2003....Call now 631 274 4610


Understand that both signal providers and copyright owners do, pursuant to federal law, have a valid legal claim against you. Moreover, a "demand letter", such as you have received, is typically supported by sufficient professionally obtained evidence. (Many of the investigators employed by rights owners are retired detectives.)  

These unauthorized streaming cases are currently being prosecuted by the Lonstein Law Office, and other law firms - all experienced attorneys who are well prepared to commence a civil prosecution against you. Unless they can be convinced they have no claim, or a settlement occurs, a “Summons and Complaint” (usually returnable in your local Federal District Court) will be forthcoming.  

These civil prosecutions are primarily conducted pursuant to Title 47 of the FCA (Federal Communications Act)  - a complex and little understood area of the law with a very unusual characteristic: wide variation (from severe to relatively mild) amongst the numerous Federal District Courts as to the legal basis for computation of a defendant's legal liability for damages. Certainly, it will be very difficult for you to find a local lawyer who is familiar with this area of the law. I know of no one else on the defense side with my knowledge and experience as gained during the defense of hundreds of these cases.

Do not default (fail to respond to a Summons and therefor give the claimant the opportunity to magnify the claim against you in your absence). Moreover, judges don't look kindly upon those who ignore a Summons. The consequence of ignoring this will be a significant federal judgment against you.  

It should be understood that unauthorized streaming cases as these are civil (rather than criminal) cases, the burden of proof is “preponderance of the evidence” or “which is the most likely” - not “proof beyond a reasonable doubt”. Accordingly, civil cases are generally much easier to prosecute (and therefore harder to defend) than criminal cases.

A federal judgment will lead to seizure of your assets and perhaps financial ruination - and once a federal judgment issues, it is almost impossible to get it vacated or reduced, and (as the tortious act of "conversion" plays into this kind of claim), it is generally not dischargeable in bankruptcy (i.e., if you go through a bankruptcy proceeding, you may not be discharged as to the judgment). Moreover, this same tortious aspect of these cases make it unlikely that your corporation or LLC will protect you from personal liability. 

It is very important to note that the signal provider (or rights owner) enjoys a unilateral (one-sided) right to both attorney fees and expenses such as court filing fees. That is: once a lawsuit commences, and if the claimant wins, the claimant has a legal right to make the defendant pay for claimant’s attorney. However, if defendant wins, defendant has no such right. (Doesn't sound fair, does it? However, it is true!)  

I understand that it is disconcerting to be suddenly and unwillingly cast into a situation you do not understand. Moreover, the law relevant to these piracy proceedings is both complex and esoteric (no less than four separate federal statutes are typically involved) . In fact, many of my clients are actually other lawyers, who, having been called upon by one of their regular clients for help in this kind of situation, require my assistance to first understand the issues themselves - and also discover what a fair settlement should be.

Rights owners in unlawful commercial exhibition cases tend to significantly overvalue their claims, demanding multiples of what the claim, if litigated, would prove to be worth. Five digit demands are common. But these are fact sensitive cases, and factual circumstances weigh directly into the value of a fair settlement. Having represented defendants in hundreds of these cases, I know how to get you the best possible settlement - and bear in mind: It is extremely difficult to negotiate your own settlement without making admissions. Here's my  Consultation and Settlement Retainer.

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Unlawful downloads (also uploads) constitute copyright infringement. The fact that a court may award attorney fees is a major consideration for defendants when litigating the federal statutes under which copyright infringement lawsuits issue. 

Copyright infringement, together with related and subjective concepts such as “fair use”, is a complex study. If, for example, one purchases a CD and thereafter copies the songs to a cassette in order to play them in their own car, the “fair use “ argument should be a viable defense to an infringement claim. However, you will certainly violate the copyright laws if you engage in unauthorized “uploading” (making it available to others) of a complete copyrighted work- even if you purchased your copy of it, or you make for yourself an unauthorized “copy” or reproduction of a complete copyrighted work that you did not purchase. 

Copyright owners use programs known as “sniffers” that scan the web in order to identify unauthorized downloads in progress. They then identify the web address of the ISP (Internet Service Provider) and then seek to identify the individual subscriber by placing a request with the ISP, or filing a lawsuit for “copyright infringement” and then subpoenaing the records from the ISP.  

Armed with the IP address of the alleged (but unidentified) offender, the copyright owner may commence a “John Doe” lawsuit. Immediately upon commencement of a lawsuit, any party to the suit can, on motion, subpoena your ISP for any non-privileged documents (including data compilations) which are both in their custody (or under their control) and relevant to the claim or defense of any party to the action.  

As copyright infringement lawsuits involve federal statutes, these cases are also litigated in federal court. Even if you are a fast study, the law relevant to infringement proceedings is complex and the courts have developed varying interpretations thereof. Moreover, complainants and their agents do a lot of posturing* regarding both settlement sums and terms of release.  

Download Consultation Retainer here.

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The Law Office of Gary Ruff

Unauthorized Streaming Defense

21 Northcote Drive

Melville, N.Y. 11747

631 274 4610


Copyright © 2002-2018 by Gary Ruff; all rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without the express permission of the author, except that “links” to the site are permitted. Contact author at 631 274 4610

Page last revised 10/01/18

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